There had been evidences of ice on moon for quite some time. However, the new evidence have showcased the presence of water in some of the sunlit areas on moon. He ice is seen in the permanently shadowed craters of the moon. These craters are primarily located near the moon poles. The sightings of water is based on the data found through a study made using infrared light. Evidences were suggested before. Yet, it is possible that the data might be a result of other elements present on the moon surface, probably hydrogen or oxygen.
The infrared signal is unique and is only possible if there is presence of liquid water. It is found by the telescopenamed SOFIA. The SOFIA Telescope stands for Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. It is a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Centre. The intention of this telescope to construct and maintain a futuristic airborne observatory. The water is found in the southern Clavius crater of the moon. The telescope has read the infrared vibrations coming from the water.
There is still mystery around these water molecules. They are definitely not solid. However, there areno water puddles on the moon either. These water molecules are trapped inside some of the surface components of the moon. Scientists believe that the water molecules could possibly be encased in glass particles. These glass particles might have been formed by the actions of micrometeorites. These micrometeorites often rain down onto the moon surface. There is a second possibility of thewater molecules being trapped in soil grains. The soil grains must be shielding these water molecules from evaporating under the sun’s blistering rays.
The scientists at NASA have predicted that there are other potential areas where water can be found on the moon. They are planning future space missions to the moon to scout the newly found lunar water.